Kelmscott is a residential and rural area, with commercial areas along the Albany Highway.
Kelmscott is bounded by the City of Gosnells in the north, Canning Mills Road, Bullockbush Road, the locality of Roleystone and Stocker Road in the east, the locality of Bedfordale, Paterson Road, Hill Street and the Brookton Highway in the south and the Albany Highway in the west.
Kelmscott is named after a small, rural village in Oxfordshire, England. At one stage, Kelmscott WA resembled the English village with its mix of flat land and rolling hills, closeness to the local river and subsequent suitability of farming land.
The town was settled upon in 1830 and the land was used for farming. Today there are still some small hobby farms along the Buckingham Road and Champion Drive areas.
The infrastructure in the town was predominantly used as a military outpost to protect the early settlers who were making life on their new farms.
In the early 1890’s the first railway line way installed which attracted more settlers to the expanding town and its surrounds.
During the post-war years, there was the first spike in growth for the area with rapid growth in the 1960s and 1970s.
The population has been relatively stable since the early 1990s, a result of some new dwellings being added, but a decline in average household size.
In 2011, devastating bush fires raged through the Darling Range National Park and parts of Kelmscott that are situated on the adjoining hills 72 homes. The bush fires were cause by a welding incident and the area now has high regulations regarding fire bans.
Major features of the area include Kelmscott Town Centre which is currently undergoing redevelopment in 2013 (including Kelmscott Plaza and Stargate Kelmscott Shopping Centre), Darling Range National Park, Kelmscott Public Open Space, Fancote Park, Frye Park, Lloyd Hughes Park, Rushton Park and a number of schools.
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